The year 2019 had something novel to make at the end; the outbreak of Coronavirus infection in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 is not looking for a stop. However, since the day of its beginning, doctors and scientists have made their best efforts to study its structure, biology, and find the preventive measures one can take to stay away from it. Let us know how exactly can Coronaviruses be defined. Coronaviruses belong to a large family of viruses that are illness prone to animals and humans. These microorganisms cause respiratory infections that can range from cold to other severe diseases including SARS and MERS. The recently discovered coronavirus has been found to cause coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
Major symptoms can be noticed in humans infected with CoronaVirus; it may include fever, dry cough, and tiredness. The symptoms are mild and begin to grow gradually; however, 80% of the people will recover from the disease without the requirement of special treatment. It depends upon a person’s immunity the most and has been found that children and the elderly have greater chances to catch the infection. Difficulty in breathing and cough are also known symptoms associated with the disease. Cough droplets are the major sources for transmission of the infection and therefore, we should be cautious in every step we take when out of home as well as at home. We should not give up, panic and fear, instead take measures for prevention and to fight against it.
Countries worldwide are taking precautionary and financial measures to cope up with the spread of pandemic disease. Health workers are supplied with personal protective equipment to avoid endangering. Till date, there have been no specific medications or vaccines available to treat COVID-19 but believing in our medical professionals will certainly prove to bring out a cure to the deadly disease. New outbreaks are emerging daily and we should be following public advice issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) that includes-
- Washing hands frequently with soap and water or an alcohol-based rub
- Maintaining at least 3 feet social distance from a person who is sneezing/coughing
- Avoiding touch of nose, mouth, and eyes
- Maintain respiratory hygiene, covering mouth while coughing/sneezing
- Keeping yourself updated about COVID-19 and follow advice from healthcare providers
Taking steps towards better hygiene, avoiding gathering, travel, close contact with infectious people, and being kind to one another for support are some of the needs of the hour to fight against COVID-19.